The Low Back

The low back, or lumbar region, includes an intricate system of bones (vertebrae), intervertebral discs, nerves, ligaments, muscles and joints which work together to support the weight of the upper body.

What Causes Low Back Pain?

Age-related changes in bone strength, muscular tone and elasticity and the disc structure leave the low back susceptible to injury. Pain can occur due to a sprain or strain of a muscle or ligament or pressure on the spinal nerves caused by a disc rupture or bulge. While most low back pain is due to injury or trauma, pain may also be caused by conditions such as arthritis, disc disease and osteoporosis.

You are most at risk for low back pain if you:

  • Are between the ages of 30 and 50
  • Have had a prior back injury
  • Lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoke
  • Are overweight
  • Have poor posture
  • Are pregnant

Common Low Back Conditions

Our Physical Therapists will develop a customized treatment plan to relieve your low back pain and restore mobility. The most
common low back injuries that are effectively treated with physical therapy are:

  • Disc Bulge/Herniation/Deterioration
  • Sciatica
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Spondylitis/Spondylolisthesis
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Treatment Options

Our team of Physical Therapists treats patients using evidence-based treatment techniques that speed recovery time while reducing the risk of recurrence of pain in your low back.

  • Manual therapy to decrease pain, increase range of motion, and improve function
  • Therapeutic exercises to strengthen back and trunk muscles that will improve functional movement patterns
  • Functional exercises that are tailored to your activity level
  • Self-management education to reduce chance of recurrence

Common Low Back Surgeries

Some low back conditions do not respond to physical therapy alone. In these instances, surgery is required and physical therapy is a follow-up treatment strategy. The most common surgeries are:

  • Discectomy
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Laminectomy

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